||T. In the present paper, I contrast empirical and non-empirical approaches to linguistics by examining the extent to which they practice the
scientific method. I provide examples of linguistic analyses that follow and
depart from the scientific method and argue that valid explanations about
actual language processing rely on adherence to scientific methodology.
However, this is not a requirement for philosophical arguments about abstract
language structure. Charges of pseudoscience arise when empirical significance is attached to analyses that fail to follow the scientific method. Progress
in linguistics is only made to the extent that researchers adopt the method
that is standard in scientific endeavors.