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Author (up) Kukucka, Mark A.; Misra, Hara P. openurl 
  Title HPLC identification of an oxytocin-like peptide produced by isolated guinea pig Leydig cells: stimulation by sodium ascorbate Type Book Chapter
  Year 1992 Publication Molecular Andrology Abbreviated Journal Mol Androl  
  Volume IV Issue 1-2 Pages 160-161  
  Abstract The neurohypophysial peptide hormone oxytocin is associated with parturition/milk ejection. The identification of a non-neural source of oxytocin secreted in significant amounts from the ovarian corpus luteum of ruminants stimulated interest in this octapeptide hormone. Oxytocin has an ovarian source, whereas an oxytocin-like peptide is reportedly present in the testes. Highly purified populations of guinea pig Leydig cells were incubated with a maximally stimulating dose of 100 ng/ml LH for 24 hours in the presence of increasing concentrations of sodium ascorbate. Sample supernatants were extracted, concentrated under vacuum and reconstituted with acidified absolute ethanol. Samples were analyzed for oxytocin using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with electrochemical detection and known concentrations of an authentic oxytocin standard. Leydig cells stimulated with 0, 25 and 50 uM ascorbate produced and secreted 40 +/- 1.2, 77 +/- 14 and 74 +/- 26 pg of an oxytocin-like peptide, respectively, per 1 x 10(6) cells. It would appear that guinea pig Leydig cells are capable of producing an oxytocin-like peptide de novo. Low concentrations of ascorbate stimulate the production of this peptide in Leydig cells cultured in vitro. Comparison of the amino acid composition and sequence of this oxytocin-like peptide with authentic oxytocin are already in progress to confirm whether Leydig cells possess the biosynthetic machinery for testicular oxytocin production.

n.b. This study was presented in part at the Third Research Day Proceedings held at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, May 23-24, 1991. The published proceedings (No. 23919419) were catalogued with the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) database on June 11, 1991. Hence, this is the very first report in the scientific literature which conclusively demonstrates that Leydig cells are capable of producing testicular oxytocin de novo.
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher M.C. Chang Festschrift Place of Publication Kiawah Is. Editor E.S.E. Hafez  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Virginia Tech @ ascorbate @ Serial 9462  
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